As the field of tribology has evolved, the lubrication industry is also progressing at an extraordinary rate. Updating the author's bestselling publication, Synthetic Lubricants and High-Performance Functional Fluids, this book features the contributions of over 60 specialists, ten new chapters, and a new title to reflect the evolving nature of the field: Synthetics, Mineral Oils, and Bio- Based Lubricants: Chemistry and Technology. The book contains chapters on all major lubricant fluids used in a wide range of applications. For each type of lubricant, the authors discuss the historical development, chemistry, properties, performance features, manufacturing, marketing, economics, applications requiring those fluids, and trends in the market. New chapters cover ground-breaking topics including cyclohydrocarbons, gas-to-liquids (GTL), natural oils as lubricants, chemically modified vegetable oils, the biotechnological enhancement of soybean oil, automatic and continuously variable transmission fluids, environmentally friendly hydraulic fluids, fire-resistant hydraulic fluids, vegetable oil-based engine oils, magnetizable fluids, lubricants for the disk drive industry, fluids for food-grade applications, the critical cleaning of advanced lubricants from surfaces, and diesel automotive trends. In a single, unique volume, Synthetics, Mineral Oils, and Bio-Based Lubricants offers property and performance information of fluids, theoretical and practical background to their current applications, and strong indicators for global market trends that will influence the industry for years to come.