Microscopic Chaos, Fractals and Transpor

Microscopic Chaos, Fractals and Transpor

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Format E-Bok
Filformat PDF
Utgivelsesår 2007
Forlag World Scientific Publishing Co
Språk Engelsk
ISBN 9789812771513
Sider 460
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Om Microscopic Chaos

A valuable introduction for newcomers as well as an important reference and source of inspiration for established researchers, this book provides an up-to-date summary of central topics in the field of nonequilibrium statistical mechanics and dynamical systems theory.Understanding macroscopic properties of matter starting from microscopic chaos in the equations of motion of single atoms or molecules is a key problem in nonequilibrium statistical mechanics. Of particular interest both for theory and applications are transport processes such as diffusion, reaction, conduction and viscosity.Recent advances towards a deterministic theory of nonequilibrium statistical physics are summarized: Both Hamiltonian dynamical systems under nonequilibrium boundary conditions and non-Hamiltonian modelings of nonequilibrium steady states by using thermal reservoirs are considered. The surprising new results include transport coefficients that are fractal functions of control parameters, fundamental relations between transport coefficients and chaos quantities, and an understanding of nonequilibrium entropy production in terms of fractal measures and attractors.The theory is particularly useful for the description of many-particle systems with properties in-between conventional thermodynamics and nonlinear science, as they are frequently encountered on nanoscales.Contents:Deterministic DiffusionDeterministic Drift-DiffusionDeterministic Reaction-DiffusionDeterministic Diffusion and Random PerturbationsFrom Normal to Anomalous DiffusionFrom Diffusive Maps to Hamiltonian Particle BilliardsDesigning Billiards with Irregular Transport CoefficientsDeterministic Diffusion of Granular ParticlesMotivation: Coupling a System to a Thermal ReservoirThe Gaussian ThermostatThe Nosé-Hoover ThermostatUniversalities in Gaussian and Nosé-Hoover Dynamics?Gaussian and Nosé-Hoover Thermostats RevisitedStochastic and Deterministic Boundary ThermostatsActive Brownian Particles and Nosé-Hoover DynamicsFurther Topics in Chaotic Transport TheoryReadership: Graduate students and researchers interested in statistical physics and nonlinear dynamics of nonequilibrium systems.


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