Quantum Dissipative Systems

Quantum Dissipative Systems
Nettpris
Nettpris
839,- 839,-
Førpris 1049,- Spar 210,-
Førpris 1049,- Spar 210,-
E-Bok
Format E-Bok
Filformat PDF
Utgivelsesår 1999
Forlag World Scientific Publishing Co
Språk Engelsk
ISBN 9789812817877
Sider 464
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Andre formater / språk

E-Bok Nedlastbar Engelsk
E-Bok Nedlastbar Engelsk
E-Bok Nedlastbar Engelsk

Om Quantum Dissipative Systems

Recent advances in the quantum theory of macroscopic systems have brightened up the field and brought it into the focus of a general community in natural sciences. The fundamental concepts, methods and applications including the most recent developments, previously covered for the most part only in the original literature, are presented here in a comprehensive treatment to an audience who is reasonably familiar with quantum-statistical mechanics and has had rudimentary contacts with the path integral formulation.This book deals with the phenomena and theory of decoherence and dissipation in quantum mechanics that arise from the interaction with the environment. A general path integral description of equilibrium thermodynamics and non-equilibrium dynamics is developed. The approach can deal with weak and strong dissipation, and with all kinds of memory effects. Applications to numerous phenomenological and microscopic systems are presented, where emphasis is put on condensed matter and chemical physics. The basic principles and methods of preparation functions, propagating functions, and time correlation functions are described. Special attention is focused on quantum tunneling and quantum coherence phenomena of macroscopic variables. Many illustrative realistic examples are discussed in some detail. The book attempts to provide a broad perspective and to open up this rapidly developing field to interested researchers normally working in different fields.In this enlarged second edition, the nineteen chapters of the first edition have been expanded by about one-third to better meet both the requests of newcomers to the field and of advanced readers, and seven new chapters have been added that review the most recent important developments.Contents:Path Integral Description of Open Quantum SystemsImaginary-Time and Real-Time ApproachInfluence Functional MethodPhenomenological and Microscopic System-Plus-Reservoir ModelsLinear and Nonlinear Quantum EnvironmentsOhmic, Super-Ohmic, and Sub-Ohmic Heat BathQuantum DecoherenceQuantum Noise TheoryCorrelation Functions, Response Functions, and Fluctuation-Dissipation TheoremDamped Harmonic OscillatorQuantum Brownian MotionThermodynamic Variational ApproachQuantum-Statistical DecayCrossover from Thermal Hopping to Quantum TunnelingElectron Transfer and Incoherent TunnelingMacroscopic Quantum Effects in Josephson Systems, Single-Charge TunnelingMagnetic and Spin TunnelingDriven Quantum TunnelingDissipative Two-State Thermodynamics and DynamicsQuantum Transport in Multi-State SystemsDuality and Self-Duality in the Schmid ModelTunneling of Charge in a Luttinger Liquidabout 500 ReferencesReadership: Condensed matter and statistical physicists.Key Features:Provides state-of-the-art information on the success and failure of various anti-aging approaches, such as hormone therapy, melatonin, biopeptides, nutrition, antioxidants, micronutrients, herbs, exercise and cosmeticsChallenges and re-defines common beliefs and ideas about aging intervention and lifespan prolongationEvaluates the advantages and disadvantages of prevalent treatments for age-related diseasesEvaluates therapeutic approaches under test and development against Alzheimer's disease, mitochondrial diseases, and for better skin care


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